2150 Association Dr, Suite 240 Okemos, MI 48864 517-203-5447

Immunization

 

We provide immunization

Babies are born with protection against some diseases because their mothers pass antibodies (proteins made by the body to fight disease) to them before birth. Breastfed babies continue to get more antibodies in breast milk. But in both cases, the protection is temporary.

Immunization (vaccination) is a way to create immunity to (protection from) some diseases. Sometimes this is done by using small amounts of a killed or weakened germ that causes the disease. Other times the vaccine is simply a small piece of the germ, such as a protein or a piece of its genetic material.

Germs can be viruses (such as the measles virus) or bacteria (such as pneumococcus). Vaccines stimulate the immune system to react as if there were a real infection. It fends off the “infection” and remembers the germ. Then, it can fight the germ if it enters the body later.

We believe that all children and young adults should receive the recommended vaccines according to the schedule published by the Centers for Disease Control and the American Academy of Pediatrics. Vaccines are safe and effective in preventing diseases and health complications in children and young adults. Regular vaccinations help children ward off infections, and are administered as one of the safest and best methods of disease prevention. Vaccination is very important health-promoting and life-saving intervention.

Our office will not accept patients who are unimmunized, or patients who do not wish to continue with immunizations.  Our office will not be participating in alternative immunization schedules.

We are happy to discuss your concerns about vaccines at your child’s next visit or call us at iCare Pediatrics..

 

What Are the Types of Vaccines?

There are a few different types of vaccines:

  • Attenuated (weakened) live germs: These are used in some vaccines such as in the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) and chickenpox vaccines.
  • Killed (inactivated) germs: These are used in some vaccines, such as in the flu shot or the inactivated poliovirus vaccine.
  • Toxoid vaccines: These contain an inactivated toxin (harmful chemical) made by the germ. For example, the diphtheria and tetanus vaccines are toxoid vaccines.
  • Conjugate vaccines: These contain small pieces of the germ combined with proteins that help trigger a strong immune response. Many commonly used vaccines are made this way, including those that protect against hepatitis B, HPV, whooping cough, and meningitis.
  • mRNA (messenger RNA) vaccines: These use a piece of the germ’s RNA, which is part of its genetic material. Some of the COVID-19 vaccines are this type.

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that kids get combination vaccines (rather than single vaccines) whenever possible. Many vaccines are offered in combination to help lower the number of shots a child gets. This has been shown to be very safe. From the day a baby is born, their immune system is exposed to countless germs every day. A few more in a combination vaccine is very easy for the immune system to handle.

What Vaccines Do Kids Need?

The following vaccinations and schedules are recommended by the AAP. Some variations are normal, and recommendations change as new vaccines are developed. Your doctor will talk to you about the right vaccinations and schedule for your child.

Recommended vaccinations:

  • Chickenpox (varicella) vaccine
  • Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTaP) vaccine
  • Hepatitis A (HepA) vaccine
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine
  • Hepatitis B (HepB) vaccine
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine
  • Influenza (flu) vaccine
  • Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine
  • Meningococcal (MenACWY, MenB) vaccines
  • Pneumococcal (PCV13, PPSV23) vaccines
  • Polio (IPV) vaccine
  • Rotavirus (RV) vaccine
  • COVID-19 vaccine

Recommended vs. Required

The state of Michigan adheres to the CDC-recommended vaccination schedule. The schedule is meant to provide the maximum amount of protection for everyone as safely as possible. While some vaccines are not required for school or daycare (Influenza, HPV and HEP A) our practice encourages all vaccines to be administered to all eligible patients. Our providers can discuss your concerns or questions the flu shot and HPV vaccine.

Medical Exemptions

Some children who cannot receive vaccines due to a medical condition. If your child has a documented medical diagnosis that exempts him or her from receiving vaccines, please provide our office these documents for review.

Vaccine Concerns

Some parents may hesitate to have their kids vaccinated. They have questions or worry that a child might have a serious reaction or get the illness the vaccine prevents. But the components of vaccines are weakened or killed. In some cases, only parts of the germ are used. So they’re unlikely to cause any serious illness.

Some vaccines may cause mild reactions, such as soreness where the shot was given or a fever. But serious reactions are rare. The risks of vaccinations are small compared with the health risks of the diseases they’re intended to prevent.

Immunizations are one of the best ways to protect your family from contagious diseases.